11-min read. The Patriotic Education Campaign (simplified Chinese: 爱国主义教育; traditional Chinese: 愛國主義教育; pinyin: Àiguó zhǔyì jiàoyù) was a political campaign in China initiated in 1991 but not carried out in full scale until 1994. Even some in the Chinese establishment see difficulty ahead. By Sarah Wu. (1995). 0. comments. . “I think the Chinese propaganda machine is doing quite well with what we call the ‘rioters’ in Hong Kong,” said a Chinese academic who spoke on the condition of anonymity to discuss the sensitive situation. “They still speak and use Cantonese. The 'patriotic education' of Chinese students at Australian universities By Alexander Joske and Philip Wen Updated October 7, 2016 — 11.16am first published October 3, 2016 — 6.00pm After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. Targeting the city’s teachers has become part of a broader plan by China’s leaders to reform the city’s rebellious youth after last year’s sometimes-violent pro-democracy demonstrations. “That is the result of patriotic education. China’s ominous warning to Hong Kong: Less tolerance, more patriotic education By Anna Fifield Washington Post, November 1, 2019, 8:07 p.m. Email to a Friend Patriotic education is a form of political education — essentially, efforts to teach people to love America, and that usually starts with children in schools. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth Back to video Cua’s vigilante initiative has won the support of some pro-Beijing political figures in Hong Kong. Now, as the Communist Party struggles to respond to months of protests in Hong Kong against China’s creeping control, it has decided that the city’s young people need some of this fervor. Jan. 19 (UPI) --A commission formed by President Donald Trump to promote "patriotic education" has released its report instructing educators to teach slavery in a … After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. I guess similar minds think alike...maybe he's one of Trump's Chinese business partners... *In austere, starkly divisive remarks, President Trump on Thursday said he would create a commission to promote "patriotic education" and announced the creation of a grant to develop a "pro-American curriculum. Since then, Beijing has proceeded almost by stealth, encouraging study trips to the mainland and promoting Mandarin language learning in the Cantonese-speaking territory. Potential for Convergent Protests across the People's Republic of China", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Patriotic_Education_Campaign&oldid=1001279040, Articles to be expanded from September 2020, Articles needing translation from Chinese Wikipedia, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Encouraged by this success on the tightly controlled mainland, the party is planning another attempt to export a version of this curriculum to Hong Kong — where concerns over the erosion of free speech and relative political freedoms underpin a widening backlash against Beijing. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. “Thought work” begins in kindergarten, when 5-year-olds play games such as “My Country Is a Garden” to cultivate patriotic spirit, and sing nationalistic anthems such as “Me and My Motherland.” Children take field trips to museums commemorating the foundation of the party and the victory over imperial Japan. “What’s happened in Hong Kong in recent months has been a big surprise to leaders in China, so they’re trying to find out the reason why Hong Kong became so anti-China or so anti-Chinese government,” said Zheng Wang, a Seton Hall University professor who specializes in identity and nationalism. Since the foundation of the People’s Republic in 1949, China has promoted its particular flavor of Communist ideology through public institutions. But most analysts do not expect any new effort to be any more successful this time. Patriotic education is a form of political education — essentially, efforts to teach people to love America, and that usually starts with children in schools. “They believe that because the people, especially the young people, in Hong Kong never received patriotic education, they lack this kind of national identity,” Wang said. “In China today, nationalistic sentiments are prevailing among the young people,” Zhao said. Share Tweet Post Email Tens of … “We have almost eliminated dialects in China, but Hong Kong is different,” the mainland academic said. The patriotic education campaign was a state-led nationalist movement, which redefined the legitimacy of the post-Tiananmen leadership in a way that would permit the Communist Party's rule to continue on the basis of a non-Communist ideology. "* China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth. It is focusing more on “one country” than on “two systems.”. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. *If your university does not have access to Expert Briefings, visit our information page to find out more. China Power China’s WW2 Remembrance: ‘Patriotic Education’ in Action China’s WW2 remembrances are but the latest instance of a ‘new’ Chinese Nationalism created by … “In China today, nationalistic sentiments are prevailing among the young people,” Zhao said. “We will strengthen national education for Hong Kong and Macao people, especially civil servants and youth . If anything, the combination of a new effort at patriotic education and continued demonstrations against China’s encroachment is likely to provoke more resistance, she said. I thought I was listening to Mao Zedong running communist China. “One is to make Chinese identity more attractive,” he said. Performers ranging from kindergartners to university students are acting out themes of patriotism, traditional Chinese culture and core socialist values during three weeks of performances in the capital. So in the short span of 4 days it’s traveled from that to “Patriotic Education”. We give them facts. The main thrust was to constantly remind students of China’s “century of humiliation,” and the Communist Party’s role in repelling foreign … Beijing, China: Beijing Broadcasting Institute Press. . The scene was not from a 1930s-era drama on China’s equivalent of the History Channel. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth Some 40 per cent of the 9,200 protesters arrested in the period between June … China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth. The nature and quality of the relationship of SAR to China is now in the balance. In May 1995, the Chinese government issued the "Notice on Recommending Hundreds of Patriotic Education Books to Primary and Middle Schools across the Country", and made a list of a hundred patriotic films, a hundred patriotic songs, a hundred patriotic books. The directive, publicised earlier this month and reported on by The New York Times, says that students abroad should have a “positive patriotic energy”. By Sarah Wu. 11-min read. [4][5] The academic Suisheng Zhao has said the Campaign is part of a strategy to make the Party the “paramount patriotic force and guardian of national pride.”[6], "List of "Three Hundreds" in Patriotic Education", "National Humiliation, History Education, and the Politics of Historical Memory: Patriotic Education Campaign in China", "China's WW2 Remembrance: 'Patriotic Education' in Action", "Patriotic education distorts China world view", "China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth", "Which Side Are You On, Comrade? “In China today, nationalistic sentiments are prevailing among the young people,” Zhao said. Some 30 universities, governments and ministries host research institutes dedicated to the study of Xi Jinping Thought. “But Hong Kong is totally different to China, so I believe they will encounter very strong resistance, just like in 2012.”, Beijing’s last attempt, seven years ago, backfired spectacularly. And more recently Hungary, where its authoritarian leader (and Trump buddy) Viktor Orban now supports rehabilitating cohorts of a mid-20th century leader who also happened to be a brutal Nazi conspirator. The program is part of a broader effort by the ruling Communist Party, accelerated under the leadership of Xi Jinping, to instill nationalist fervor in young Chinese and grow a whole generation loyal to him. The patriotic education campaign was a state-led nationalist movement, which redefined the legitimacy of the post-Tiananmen leadership in a way that would permit the Communist Party's rule to continue on the basis of a non-Communist ideology. They gave … By signing up you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy, hellbent on stopping the Chinese rejuvenation. REUTERS/Navesh Chitrakar/File Photo A term and a system most widely embraced in the modern world by China and North Korea. Amid pro-democracy protests in Hong Kong, China’s Communist regime is accelerating the campaign to impart nationalist fervor through indoctrination, starting from a very … Anti-Western sentiment has been increasing in China since the early 1990s, particularly amongst Chinese youth. “Patriotic education is a fundamental part of education,” said Gao Xiaomei, who had brought her 9-year-old daughter to see the performance. Topical: international relations politics education foreign policy media. After the Tiananmen Square protests 30 years ago, the CCP launched a patriotic education campaign nationwide to instill national pride and build a generation of future communists loyal to the country’s leadership. Military parades mark the 'Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-fascist War.' Authors of a Trump report pushing for ‘patriotic education’ and downplaying slavery appear to have copied sections from an old op-ed Tom Porter 11:37, 20 jan 2021 “If kids don’t love their country, then how can they love their parents?” she asked. “I think the country has provided a really good education system. China Says Its Students, Even Those Abroad, Need More ‘Patriotic Education’ The emblem of the Communist Party’s Youth League at Minzu University of China in Beijing. The 'patriotic' education of Hong Kong schoolchildren. They have also shown disdain for their pro-democracy peers in Hong Kong. The Chinese government issued new instructions this summer for teaching elementary and middle school students “to love the party, the country, socialism and the people.” Then it announced plans in August to make Xi Jinping Thought, the authoritarian leader’s guiding philosophy, a mandatory social science course in high schools. After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. Chinese authorities believe that three decades of patriotic education have been remarkably successful in molding a generation of loyal citizens, analysts say. The newly extended war isn't called the Second World War in the textbooks, or in official Chinese media. After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. "That is the result of patriotic education. The endeavor took on a new dimension after the Tiananmen Square uprising in 1989, when millions of Chinese took to the streets to call for greater freedoms, and the collapse of the Soviet Union. Rice said, “This was one of the most astonishing speeches I’ve heard him give. “I think any kind of mainland-style patriotic education is unlikely to succeed at winning hearts and minds in Hong Kong,” said Jessica Chen Weiss, an expert on Chinese nationalism who teaches at Cornell University. “People in Guangzhou, Beijing, Shanghai, people are not sympathetic to Hong Kong.”. "* … [2], This was done through education that was designed to construct a historical memory of what the People's Republic of China was created from,[3] by emphasizing the role the Communist Party of China in securing national independence, and the influence of foreign countries on China. PRC officials should not underestimate the challenge posed if the city of some 7.4 million people ends up in seeming opposition to the central government. Thus patriotic education is a necessity even today, but its implementation is a massive and complex project that requires the involvement of various platforms and entities in various forms, such as videos and books. China is so advanced today.”. This page was last edited on 19 January 2021, at 00:38. Inside China’s top ‘party schools’: Plenty of Communist doctrine on tap. HONG KONG (Reuters) - Cua Chiu-fai is on a mission to rid Hong Kong's classrooms of what he sees as poisonous anti-China bias. Advanced search 'Patriotic education' may backfire on Beijing Content type: Executive Summary Location: CHINA Keywords associated with this article: Geographic: China AP Japan. We open students’ minds. This aim was to boost the Communist Party's legitimacy, which during the 1980's had declined, particularly around the time of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests. ... *In austere, starkly divisive remarks, President Trump on Thursday said he would create a commission to promote "patriotic education" and announced the creation of a grant to develop a "pro-American curriculum. In Q. Guo (Ed. Books and journals Case studies Expert Briefings Open Access. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth Secondary school students hold hands as they form a human chain in Hong Kong, Sep 12, 2019. ), Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo jiaoyu fa quanshu [Complete education laws of the People’s Republic of China] (pp. These efforts have accelerated in the seven years since Xi took control of the party. An influential cohort of Chinese Internet users are so nationalistic they will castigate an NBA manager or fashion labels into apologizing for any perceived insult to China. The new textbooks dial China’s 26-year long patriotic education campaign up another notch, and make rapprochement with Japan even more difficult. Thus patriotic education is a necessity even today, but its implementation is a massive and complex project that requires the involvement of various platforms and entities in various forms, such as videos and books. FILE PHOTO: A flag is seen amidst the rain during a rally at Edinburgh Place in Hong Kong, China, December 29, 2019. The Chinese government has two options for making the people of Hong Kong view the mainland more favorably, said Brian Fong, a social scientist at the Education University of Hong Kong. At Xi’an Jiaotong-Liverpool University where Gow taught before, patriotic education is taught over the first year of the undergraduate degree to Chinese students and taught entirely in Chinese by university staff. It was a play staged this month by pupils of Dengshikou Elementary School, at the China National Theatre for Children in Beijing. Announced in 1991 and fully functioning by 1994, this " Patriotic Education Campaign " reinterpreted history in national terms, rehabilitating figures like General Tso who suppressed a peasant rebellion but stemmed a Russian invasion of Xinjiang, and acknowledging the role of Chinese nationalist (rather than just communist) fighters in the Second Sino-Japanese War. CHINA: 'Patriotic education' may backfire. They gave them only … After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. Throughout the trade war with the United States, authorities have characterized the Trump administration as hellbent on stopping the Chinese rejuvenation envisioned in Xi’s “Chinese dream.”. The Patriotic Education Campaign (simplified Chinese: 爱国主义教育; traditional Chinese: 愛國主義教育; pinyin: Àiguó zhǔyì jiàoyù) was a political campaign in China initiated in 1991 but not carried out in full scale until 1994. “Kids should learn these kinds of lessons from the bottom of their hearts while they are very little.”, Her friend Zhang Meili, whose daughter is also 9, chimed in. Some Chinese suggest “patriotic education” as the answer. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth. A quarter-century after Britain returned Hong Kong to China, Beijing tried to introduce lessons to foster greater appreciation of mainland China and promote the Communist Party as a “progressive, selfless and united ruling group.”. After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong’s rebellious youth. “That is the result of patriotic education. China utilizes new, ‘sophisticated’ methods to revive patriotic education: report 0 shares The government started targeting younger age groups after older students led the charge on the Hong Kong protests in 2019. 117–122). Posted on November 26, 2020. They are now subject to ideological education focused on “building loyalty to the party and passing on the heritage of socialism,” according to the official outline. BEIJING — The boy in the gray uniform yelled a heartfelt cry: “Although we are young, we are an unyielding Little Red Army!” he told his pint-size comrades. "In China today, nationalistic sentiments are prevailing among the young people," Zhao said. . “But that’s also very difficult, because Hong Kong must maintain a sufficient degree of freedom in order to maintain its position as an international financial center,” Fong said. We don’t have the education where the dear leader tells the people what they must learn. ISSN: 2633-304X Citation: … Sign up to the Expert Daily Briefings email alert and receive up-to-the-minute analysis of global events as they happen. That resolve is only likely to strengthen after voters in Hong Kong delivered a rebuke to Beijing in local elections last weekend, when pro-democracy candidates captured more than 80 percent of seats. Later in the show, called “Little Red Army,” the students sang: “Lifting my head, I see the Big Dipper, deep in my heart, I miss Mao Zedong . “To do so, China should be more open, more liberal so as to make the Hong Kong young people think the Chinese system isn’t that bad.”. China’s leaders began promoting patriotic education to instill national pride and loyalty to the party in younger generations. For China's leaders, the youth-led protests in Hong Kong contained unnerving echoes of a perilous period for the Communist Party – the student-led Tiananmen protests that briefly shook their hold on power. After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. Patriotism was thus used to bolster CCP power in a country that was portrayed as besieged and embattled. HONG KONG (Reuters) - Cua Chiu-fai is on a mission to rid Hong Kong's classrooms of what he sees as … So in the short span of 4 days it’s traveled from that to “Patriotic Education”. The second option is to step up control over schools and the media, to manage messaging in Hong Kong as the party does in the mainland. He talks about patriotic education. China’s leaders began promoting patriotic education to instill national pride and loyalty to the party in younger generations. They gave them only the information they wanted them to have and tried to block all other information.” Until now, engineering that type of groupthink in Hong Kong hasn’t been easy. Chinese studying abroad are to be targets of “patriotic” education, according to a directive from the country’s Ministry of Education, which also emphasises using education to create loyalty to the ruling Communist Party. Calls to emphasize, reform, and strengthen the role of the school in the formation of students’ political attitudes have been made in the name of ideological-political education (sixiang zhengzhi jiaoyu), moral education (daode jiaoyu or deyu), and most explicitly, patriotic education (aiguozhuyi jiaoyu). The fruits of two decades of patriotic education can be seen in a rapid shift in China’s foreign policy stance toward its neighbours. His soldiers: … The main thrust was to constantly remind students of China's "century of humiliation," and the Communist Party's role in repelling foreign powers and restoring national sovereignty. The most important news stories of the day, curated by Post editors and delivered every morning. In Hong Kong elections, big defeat for elites pressures Beijing to rethink approach. China imparting 'patriotic education' to Tibetan monks and nuns infuriates region's religious leaders Buddhism has always been perceived by the Chinese as one of the most formidable hurdles en route exercising total control over Tibet. China imparting 'patriotic education' to Tibetan monks and nuns infuriates region's religious leaders Buddhism has always been perceived by the Chinese as one of the most formidable hurdles en route exercising total control over Tibet. After crushing the protests, the Party began in 1991 to introduce a patriotic education campaign on the mainland. ... China had now mysteriously acquired Hammer, Powell argued.They described this as an act of war during in an Oval Office appearance on Dec. 18. “This would seem to be fueling that sense that Hong Kongers’ identity is under threat,” Weiss said. China is looking to new, modern methods in its campaign of patriotic education, according to reports. to boost their national consciousness and patriotic spirit,” Shen Chunyao, a top party official, said after a conclave last month, as the protests in Hong Kong raged. By Sarah Wu. Sections of a report commissioned by President Donald Trump pushing for "patriotic education" appear to have been lifted directly from an old op-ed by one of its authors. He has turbocharged historical interpretations that portray China as the victim of cruel Western and Japanese enemies. The directive, issued by the Communist Party organization of the Ministry of Education, calls for “patriotic education” to suffuse each stage and … As such, China should stay on high alert against the US playing the "democracy" and "freedom" cards on Taiwan and Hong Kong issues. Stay up to date. 'Patriotic education' may backfire on Beijing. A term and a system most widely embraced in the modern world by China and North Korea . Patriotism was thus used to bolster CCP power in a country that was portrayed as besieged and embattled. “That is the result of patriotic education. As such, China should stay on high alert against the US playing the "democracy" and "freedom" cards on Taiwan and Hong Kong issues. Aiguozhuyi jiaoyu shishi gangyao [Outline on the implementation of patriotic education]. China’s Communist Party tries to create a new hero for the masses. REUTERS/Navesh Chitrakar/File Photo The Patriotic Education Campaign (simplified Chinese: 爱国主义教育; traditional Chinese: 愛國主義教育; pinyin: Àiguó zhǔyì jiàoyù) was a political campaign in China initiated in 1991 but not carried out in full scale until 1994. The plan sparked vociferous protests, and Beijing was forced to back down. The patriotic education that NYU is now offering “is markedly different even from other Sino-foreign joint ventures offering undergraduate education,” Gow notes. China wields patriotic education to tame Hong Kong's rebellious youth >> Reuters. .”. Published: 27 Nov 2020 09:03 AM BdST Updated: 27 Nov 2020 09:03 AM BdST. Chinese ‘Patriotic’ Education Draws Protesters in Hong Kong Rachel Evans , July 30, 2012, 1:28 AM EDT SHARE THIS ARTICLE. If we can’t even change their language, how will we change their mind-set?”, China’s food delivery drivers risk it all to keep a nation fed, China hopes Trump will be reelected: He’s ‘easy to read’, Years after freezing new projects, China is back to building coal power plants, Today’s coverage from Post correspondents around the world, Like Washington Post World on Facebook and stay updated on foreign news. [1]The main goal of the campaign was to "boost the nation’s spirit, enhance cohesion, and foster national self esteem and pride". After encountering stiff resistance to a previous attempt to introduce patriotic education in Hong Kong schools, it plans to try again. Chinese Communist Party Central Committee. “I believe that as long as we are united, there is no difficulty that cannot be overcome.”. by Paul Wang. FILE PHOTO: A flag is seen amidst the rain during a rally at Edinburgh Place in Hong Kong, China, December 29, 2019. The "Patriotic Education Propaganda Poster Set", designed by the Propaganda Department of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Youth League, was published in 1994 in "commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People’s Struggle against Japan and the victory of the international struggle against fascism". Some 40 per cent of the 9,200 protesters arrested in the period between June 2019 and 2020 were students. Special attention is paid to universities, given students’ role in spearheading the 1989 protests. 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